Kanchipuram silk sarees, an integral part of Indian culture and Heritage has taken its name and known to originate from a village named Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu, India. It was during this period both weaving groups-Alegars Devan gas settle in this district demonstrating their artistic ability. Now, Kancheepuram is referred to as the silk capital/ silk town and the silk sarees out there are supposedly the best among all silks in the world. Known to be the Queen of silk sarees, they are hand woven by using raw materials such as pure mulberry fiber threads, which can be obtained from Tamandu and Karnataka, interleaved designs produced in metallic silver and gold thread Zari woven, from Gujarat and brightly colored dyes. 1 kg of zari contains 50% silver, around 5-51/2 g of gold and equal quantity of silk fibre.
The silk threads are dyed afterwards dipped in Rice water and sun dried to be able to increase the stiffness and thickness; they are subsequently interlocked by twisting the silk threads with a thin silver cord and following that golden thread is used. Since the zari consists of three silk threads, they are exceptionally durable and lasts longer which enhances its attractiveness and worth of the silk. The particular quality of Kanchipuram saree is, in 1.2 inches twist frame will have 60 holes using 240 threads in warp and 250-300 threads from the weft. The quality of the cotton silk saree is directly proportional to its weight. However nowadays lighter weighing sarees are also available and these are created using Chinese and Korean silk.
This luxurious lawn of cloth consists of three components: the body, pallu and the border. The variations of designs and patterns are vast and usually include contrasting colours. The most frequent patterns in the boundary are layouts of chakras, elephants, mangoes, flowers, etc., at the pallu are the scriptures and figurines of temples according to pallava temples, temples and palaces. These three components are often woven individually and interlocked together. A zigzag pattern Pint can be seen at the meeting point of body and pallu. The joining of the 3 components is done with such precision that it resembles a continuous weave and the interlinked part isn’t visible. The weave was traditionally made into nine yards but over the decades six yards is included also. To make it affordable to everyone nowadays Kanchipuram sarees are woven in gold zari without losing its sheen.